Status: Preserved

Address: 1 North Front Street, Memphis

Built: ca. 1876, 1903

Architectural Style: Italianate Revival

Original Function/Purpose: Governmental

The U.S. Post Office-Front Street Station was placed on the National Register on June 20, 1980.

History: This property has served as a U.S. Customs House, Court House and Post Office. The original facility was built in the early 1880s, and officially opened in 1885. Covering 140,000 square feet on four floors, the Italianate Revival-style building was considered one of the most beautiful in the South when it was built. In 1903, as Memphis grew and the amount of business and activity within the building increased, a west addition was built, again using marble as the exterior building material. Although its uses as a Customs House and Federal Court were eventually moved to other facilities, the U.S. Postal Service maintained its downtown office in the building until 2005. Beginning in 2007 the firms of Askew Nixon Ferguson Architects and Fleming Architects planned and oversaw an extensive interior redesign and seismic retrofit to convert the building into the University of Memphis’s new Cecil C. Humphreys School of Law campus, which opened in January 2010. 2021 saw the addition of an Equality Trailblazers Memorial on the river side of the building, as a stop on the Tennessee Woman Suffrage Heritage Trail. It features busts and narratives etched in glass, honoring Memphians notable for their work on behalf of women’s suffrage and women’s rights.

City Council District: 6

Super District: 8

County Commission District: 8