Historic Properties

Robert S. Bowles Houses

Status: Demolished; delisted July 22, 1980 Address: 544-548 Vance Avenue, Memphis Built: 1876 Architectural Style: Victorian Italianate History: An early description of the Bowles Houses reads: “The three-unit brick row house on Vance Avenue was built in 1876 for Robert S. Bowles, a successful cotton broker. It sits on a raised foundation of brick which has been stuccoed and scored ...

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Zion Cemetery

Status: Preserved; renovation in progress Location: Along the 1400 block of South Parkway East, Memphis Built: 1873 Architectural Style: Cemetery Original Function/Purpose: Cemetery History: After the Civil War, black Americans organized a burial association called the United Sons and Daughters of Zion. They purchased 16 acres outside city limits for use as a cemetery. This cemetery was active primarily between 1876 ...

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Wildwood Farms (The Taylor Farm)

Status: Preserved Address: 2737 South Germantown Road, Germantown Built: 1935, ca. 1950 etc. Architectural Style: Colonial Revival-style horse stable and associated supporting buildings and housing Original Function/Purpose: Commerce History: Wildwood Farms is a 350-acre estate bounded by Germantown Road on the east, Crestridge Road on the south, McVay Road and McVay Trail Drive on the west, and Stout Road on the ...

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Wells School

Status: Preserved Address: 4140 Tennessee 205 (Airline Road; formerly 4140 Collierville-Arlington Rd.), Eads Built: 1924-1925 Architectural Style: Rosenwald School Plan Original Function/Purpose: Education History: Wells School was built between 1924 and 1925 with the help of the Julius Rosenwald Fund (JRF) and served as an African-American school until desegregation occurred in 1966. In 1915 Julius Rosenwald, a Sears, Roebuck and Co. ...

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Universal Life Insurance Company

Status: Preserved Address: 480 Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. Avenue (formerly part of Linden Avenue) at Danny Thomas Boulevard, Memphis Built: 1949 Architectural Style: Egyptian Revival Original Function/Purpose: Commerce History: Dr. Joseph E. Walker founded the Universal Life Insurance Company on Beale Street in 1923, a firm dedicated to “improving the economic condition of people of color.” Dr. Walker and his ...

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U.S. Post Office-Front Street Station (Cecil C. Humphreys School of Law)

Status: Preserved Address: 1 North Front Street, Memphis Built: ca. 1876, 1903 Architectural Style: Italianate Revival Original Function/Purpose: Governmental History: This property has served as a U.S. Customs House, Court House and Post Office. The original facility was built in the early 1880s, and officially opened in 1885. Covering 140,000 square feet on four floors, the Italianate Revival-style building was considered ...

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U.S. Marine Hospital Executive Building and Laundry-Kitchen (listed in 1980)

Status: Executive Building, preserved; Laundry-Kitchen, renovation is planned. Address: Metal Museum Drive (formerly 360 and 374 West California Avenue), Memphis Built: 1883-1884 Architectural Style: Vernacular Italianate Original Function/Purpose: Governmental History: Each of four surviving buildings once part of Memphis’ evolving U.S. Marine Hospital complex in the South Bluffs area has its own history, and each has been listed in its own ...

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Tri-State Bank

Status: Preserved Address: 386 Beale Street (formerly 390 Beale Street), Memphis Built: Early 1900s Architectural Style: Vernacular business Original Function/Purpose: Bank History: The Tri-State Bank building was constructed in the early 1900s in the Beale Street business district. Robert R. Church Sr.’s notable Solvent Savings Bank and Trust Co. was established in 1906 in an adjoining building (392 Beale) on the ...

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Tri State Iron Works

Status: Preserved Address: 61 Keel Avenue, Memphis Built: 1883 Architectural Style: Late Nineteenth-Century Commercial block design Original Function/Purpose: Manufacturing History: This building was used commercially from 1883 to 1946, housing five separate companies during this period. The building first began operation as a cotton seed oil press for the Globe Oil and Fertilizer Company and was later occupied by the Memphis ...

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John S. Toof House

Status: Preserved Address: 246 Adams Avenue, Memphis Built: 1875 Architectural Style: Victorian Italianate Original Function/Purpose: Residential History: This house was designed by Mathias Harvey Baldwin and completed in 1876. John Toof was a prominent figure in Memphis who is noted for starting the Chamber of Commerce and later helping to found the Memphis Water Company. The Toof house was designed in ...

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